mercredi 19 février 2020

How to Make an Earbud Holder

Earbuds can easily get tangled if you leave the wires loose. If you want to keep your cords organized and easy to use, there are many different ways to make a DIY earbud wrap or container. If you want to create something simple, try using a credit card, clothespins, or a piece of fabric to make an easy wrap. For something a little sturdier, try an empty mint container as an earphone cord holder. Once you finish making your holder, your earbuds will stay organized and tangle-free!


[Edit]Cutting a Credit Card Earbud Holder

  1. Punch a hole in from the short side of a credit card. Use a credit card or gift card that’s expired or invalid for your project. Place a hole punch in the middle of the credit card’s short side so it’s about in from the edge. Squeeze the handles of the hole punch together to make the hole.[1]

    Make an Earbud Holder Step 1.jpg
    • The single hole will hold the jack side of the earbud cord.
    • You can buy a hole punch from a craft or office supply store.
  2. Make 2 more holes on the opposite short side of the credit card. Turn the card so you’re working on the other short side directly across from the hole you just punched. Punch the holes so they’re in from the short side and from the long sides. That way, you have space to put each of the earbuds in the holes.[2]

  3. Cut straight lines from the short edges of the card to the centers of each hole. Line up the scissor’s blades so they’re perpendicular to the short side of the credit card and so it crosses through the middle of one of the nearest hole. Make a straight cut from the short edge to the hole so there’s a small slit in the card. Repeat the process with the rest of the holes so they each have a slit.[3]

    • The slits allow you to easily bend the credit card so you can slide the wires into the holes.
    • If you aren’t able to cut through the card easily with scissors, make the slits with a utility knife instead.
  4. Use your scissors to cut curved notches into the long sides of the credit card. Start your cut with a pair of scissors from the corner along the long side of the card. Carefully cut a concave curve that goes in from the long edge. End your cut so it stops from the opposite corner of the credit card. Make the same cuts on the other long side so the credit card has an hourglass shape.[4]

    • The curved edges will prevent the cord from sliding around so it doesn’t fall off of the holder.
    • If there are sharp corners after you make your cuts, smooth them out with 120-grit sandpaper so you don’t get hurt or damage your earbuds.
  5. Feed the earbuds through the 2 holes on one of the short edges. Slightly push the section of the credit card between the punched holes forward so the slits open up. Feed the wire at the base of an earbud into the slit on one of the holes. Put the other earbud into the second hole on the same side of the card as the first one.[5]

  6. Wind the cord around the notches before putting the jack in the empty hole. Straighten out the cord for the earbuds so there aren’t any snags or tangles. Loosely coil the cord around the narrowest section of the cards long sides so they don’t slide around on the credit card. Once you’ve wrapped the entire cord, push the headphone jack through the slit of the last hole.[6]
    Make an Earbud Holder Step 6.jpg
    • Don’t pull the cord too tightly, or else you could damage the internal wires.

[Edit]Creating a Simple Clothespin Wrap

  1. Paint or draw on 2 clothespins if you want your holder to have a design. If you want to add simple designs, lightly sketch on the clothespins with a pencil to see what it looks like. Fill in your design with colored markers or pencils to complete it. If you want to change the colors of the clothespins, pick an acrylic paint and brush a light coat onto them. Let the paint dry completely before moving on.[7]
    Make an Earbud Holder Step 7.jpg
    • Wooden clothespins work best for making earbud holders.
    • You don’t have to paint or draw designs on the clothespins if you don’t want to.
  2. Stack and hot-glue the clothespins so the openings face opposite directions. Set one of the clothespins on top of the other so one points to the left and one points to the right. Apply a line of hot glue along the length of the top piece on one of the clothespins. Press the bottom of the second clothespin against the line of glue and hold it in place for 30 seconds so the glue can set.[8]

    • Hot glue dries within about 1 minute, so be sure to work quickly so the glue doesn’t dry.
  3. Clamp the earbuds in the top clothespin. Straighten out the cord for your earbuds to make sure it isn’t twisted or tangled together. Squeeze the left side of the clothespin holder together to open the right side. Put the bottoms of the earbuds in the open right side and let go of the clothespins to snap them shut. The earbuds will stay tightly inside the pin so they don’t pull out.[9]

    • Lightly tug on the cord to make sure the earbuds don’t slip out from the clothespins. If they do, make sure the clothespin only clamps around the wires at the base of each earbud.
  4. Wrap the cord around the clothespins lengthwise to secure it. Start with the wires attached to the earbuds and pull them toward the left side of the holder. Position the wires so they go in the opening you squeeze together to open the clothespins. Continue coiling the earbud cord around the large openings on the ends of the holder so it doesn’t fall off. When you reach the headphone jack, clamp it in the bottom clothespin.[10]
    Make an Earbud Holder Step 10.jpg
    • Don’t pull the cord too tightly or else you could break the internal wires and need to buy new earbuds.

[Edit]Making a Fabric Cord Wrap

  1. Make a H-shaped template with paper. Cut a piece of paper with a pair of scissors to make a square. Fold the piece of paper in half and crease it along the edge. Cut off a rectangle from the corners on the folded edge. Unfold the piece of paper so it looks like the letter H.[11]

    Make an Earbud Holder Step 11.jpg
    • The notches at the top and bottom of the paper will help your earbuds stay in place without them slipping around.
  2. Trace and cut the shape from a piece of stiffened felt. Stiffened felt is slightly thicker than standard felt, so it holds its shape better. Place the paper template on top of the felt and outline around it with a pencil or marker. Use your scissors to cut the shape out from the felt to use for your DIY earphone cord holder.[12]

    • You can buy stiffened felt from a fabric or craft store.
    • If you have trouble making clean cuts with a regular pair of scissors, use a pair that’s specifically made for fabric.
  3. Place a self-adhesive Velcro dot in the center of each long edge. Lay the piece of felt flat on your work surface so the long edges are on the left and right sides. Remove the backing paper from one of the Velcro dots and press it in the middle of the long edge on the left side of the felt. Place the second Velcro dot on the right side so it lines up with the first one when you fold the felt in half.[13]

    • You can buy Velcro dots online or from craft stores.
    • If you can’t find self-adhesive Velcro dots, attach them to the felt with dots of hot glue instead.
  4. Wrap the earbud cord around the notches in the felt. Straighten out the cord and place it on the piece of felt so the earbuds are just above the top notch. Guide the other end of the cord underneath the piece of felt and loop it around the notches on the top and bottom. Continue wrapping the cord until you reach the headphone jack.[14]
    Make an Earbud Holder Step 14.jpg
    • Don’t pull the cord too tight, or else you could break the wires inside and damage the earbuds.
  5. Fold the felt in half vertically to secure the Velcro dots together. Grab the left side of the felt and make a vertical fold so it lines up with the right edge. Push the Velcro dots together so they stay attached and hold the cord inside the holder. Put the holder in your pocket or a bag to transport them without getting tangled.[15]
    Make an Earbud Holder Step 15.jpg
    • Tie a ribbon or piece of twine around the outside of the felt if you’re worried about the Velcro coming undone.

[Edit]Repurposing a Mint Container

  1. Peel the labels off of a circular plastic mint container. Look for a circular mint container that’s made of plastic and has a hinged opening in the middle. Pick the label off with your fingernail and remove as much as you can by hand. Completely remove the top and bottom labels so there isn’t any sticky residue left on the container.[16]

    Make an Earbud Holder Step 16.jpg
    • If the label or adhesive doesn’t easily come off, spray an adhesive remover on the label and try wiping it off with a paper towel.
  2. Drill 2 holes on the side of the container underneath the lid opening. Attach a bit that’s thick to your drill to make your holes. Position the first hole on the side of the mint container so it’s below where the lid opens. Keep your nondominant hand on top of the mint tin and slowly push the bit through the plastic. Place the second hole so it’s to the left or right from the first one.[17]
    Make an Earbud Holder Step 17.jpg
    • You don’t need to drill holes in the side of the mint container if you don’t want to add a key ring. The ring allows you to clip the container to a keychain or backpack so you don’t lose it.
  3. Feed a key ring through the drilled holes. Pull apart the key ring with your fingers so you can slide it onto the mint container. Feed the end of the ring through one of the holes you drilled and push the ring through it. Rotate the ring so the end exits through the second hole. Continue rotating the ring until it snaps closed to secure it to the mint container.[18]

    • The key ring allows you to clip the container to a backpack, bag, or keychain so you don’t misplace it.
  4. Attach fabric to the top of the container with Mod Podge to customize it. Trace the top of the container onto a piece of fabric you want to use for your design. Cut the piece of fabric out with your scissors and line it up with the top of the mint container to ensure it fits. Apply a thin layer of Mod Podge to the top of the container and set the fabric on top of it. Press down on the fabric to secure it to the container.[19]
    Make an Earbud Holder Step 19.jpg
    • You don’t have to put fabric on the container if you don’t want to.
  5. Wrap your earbuds by hand into a circular coil. Straighten out the cord to make sure it doesn’t have any tangles or snags. Grab the jack end of the cord with your nondominant hand and slowly wrap the cord around your fingers. Continue wrapping the cord so it has a circular shape and fits easily inside the mint container.[20]

  6. Place the earbuds in the mint container and close the lid. Pop open the lid of the container and set your earbuds inside. Make sure the entire cord fits inside the container and doesn’t stick out from the edge. Close the lid to keep your earbuds safe and tangle-free. Clip the key ring onto a keychain or a bag strap so you don’t lose your earbuds.[21]
    Make an Earbud Holder Step 21.jpg
    • The mint container can easily also fit into a pocket or bag so you can transport your earbuds.


  • If you want to make your earphones hold better in your ear, knead together a 2-part molding putty until they’re thoroughly combined. Shape the putty around the earphones before putting them in your ears. Shape the putty with your fingers to match the shape of your ear and let them set for 10–15 minutes. You can buy molding putty at hardware or electronics stores.[22]


  • If you’re using a credit card, make sure that it’s expired or invalid first.

[Edit]Things You’ll Need

[Edit]Cutting a Credit Card Earbud Holder

  • Credit card of gift card
  • Hole punch
  • Scissors

[Edit]Creating a Simple Clothespin Wrap

  • Hot glue gun
  • 2 clothespins
  • Paint or markers (optional)

[Edit]Making a Fabric Cord Wrap

  • Paper
  • Scissors
  • Stiffened felt
  • Self-adhesive Velcro dots
  • Hot glue gun

[Edit]Repurposing a Mint Container

  • Adhesive remover
  • Drill with bit
  • Key ring
  • Fabric (optional)
  • Mod Podge (optional)


source How to of the Day

mardi 18 février 2020

How to Grill Crab Legs

Steaming crab legs is a classic way to prepare them, but grilling the legs gives them a great smoky flavor. Instead of preparing a large steam pot, toss crab legs on a hot grill. Since they're already cooked, you simply need to cook the legs until they're hot throughout. If you'd like to add a garlic butter flavor, baste the legs with a simple sauce and heat them in a smoker. Serve the grilled or smoked legs with lemon and plenty of butter.


[Edit]Grilled Crab Legs

  • of thawed crab legs
  • Lemon wedges, for serving
  • Clarified butter, for serving

Makes of crab legs

[Edit]Cocktail Dipping Sauce[1]

  • 1 cup (225 g) of ketchup
  • 1/8 cup (30 g) of prepared horseradish
  • hot sauce
  • of lemon juice
  • 1/2 teaspoon (1 g) of freshly ground pepper

Makes of sauce

[Edit]Clarified Butter Garlic Sauce[2]

  • 1 cup (226 g) of salted butter
  • 2 garlic cloves

Makes of sauce

[Edit]Avocado Wasabi Dipping Sauce[3]

  • ½ of an avocado
  • ½ teaspoon (1.5 g) of wasabi
  • 1 pinch of salt
  • 2 tablespoons (30 g) of mayonnaise

Makes of sauce

[Edit]Ponzu Dipping Sauce[4]

  • of soy sauce
  • 1⁄4 cup (3 g) of bonito flakes
  • of fresh lemon juice
  • of mirin
  • of rice vinegar
  • of fresh lime juice
  • 2 in (5 cm) piece of kombu

Makes of sauce

[Edit]Smoked Crab Legs with Garlic Butter

  • of thawed crab legs
  • 1 cup (226 g) of melted butter
  • of lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon (8 g) of cajun or Old Bay seasoning
  • 2 cloves of minced garlic

Makes of crab legs


[Edit]Grilling Crab Legs

  1. Thaw the crab for 2 hours or overnight. If you know you'll be grilling the next day, transfer of frozen crab legs to the refrigerator to thaw. For a faster thawing method, put the crab legs in a sealed bag in the sink and cover the bag with cold water. Change the water every 30 minutes until the crab legs have thawed.[5]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 1.jpg
    • It may take 1 to 2 hours before the crab legs defrost in the cold water.
    • Avoid thawing the crab legs in hot water, as this could cause bacteria to grow.
  2. Heat a gas or charcoal grill to high heat. Turn the burner to high if you're using a gas grill. If you're using a charcoal grill, fill a chimney full of briquettes and light them. Once the briquettes are hot and ashy, dump them in the center of the grill grate.[6]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 2.jpg
    • To determine if the grill is hot enough, hold the palm of your hand over the grate. The grill is ready if you can't hold your hand over the coals for more than 3 seconds.
  3. Arrange the crab legs on the hot grill. Place the thawed crab legs directly over the hot coals. If you're using a gas grill, simply place them on the preheated grill. Ensure that the crab legs are in a single layer. It's fine if the legs are touching or slightly overlapping.[7]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 3.jpg
    • If you want to grill more than of crab legs, you may need to grill them in batches.
  4. Grill the crab legs for 4 to 8 minutes. Put the lid on the grill and leave the crab to cook. Use long-handled tongs to turn the legs every 2 minutes so they heat evenly. Individual legs will finish cooking after about 4 minutes. If you're cooking legs that are still attached to the bodies, they'll need closer to 8 minutes.[8]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 4.jpg
    • The shells should become charred once they've finished grilling.
    • Keep in mind that the crab legs have already been cooked so you're just warming them up. Avoid overcooking them or they'll dry out.
  5. Remove the crab and serve it immediately. Because the crab will keep cooking even once you take it off of the grill, avoid cooking it for more than 8 minutes. Place the grilled crab legs on a serving platter and set it out with lemon wedges and clarified butter.[9]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 5.jpg
    • To store leftover grilled crab, wrap the legs in foil or put them in an airtight container. Refrigerate them for up to 3 to 5 days.

[Edit]Creating Dipping Sauces

  1. Stir together ingredients for a classic cocktail sauce. Put the ketchup, horseradish, hot sauce, lemon juice, and ground pepper into a bowl. Stir the sauce until the mixture is combined. Then cover and refrigerate the cocktail sauce for 1 hour before you serve it with the crab.
    Grill Crab Legs Step 6.jpg
    • Consider using sriracha, tobasco, or cholula hot sauce.
  2. Heat a garlic butter dipping sauce. Place the butter and garlic cloves in a small saucepan. Turn the burner to medium-low and heat the butter for 3 to 5 minutes so the butter solids sink to the bottom of the pan. Strain the garlic out of the sauce and serve the clarified butter immediately.
    Grill Crab Legs Step 7.jpg
    • Keep an eye on the butter as it heats so the solids don't begin to burn.
  3. Blend an avocado wasabi dipping sauce. Scoop half of a ripe avocado into a blender and add the wasabi, a pinch of salt, and the mayonnaise. Put the lid on the blender and pulse the ingredients until they're creamy and smooth. Serve the sauce with the crab.
    Grill Crab Legs Step 8.jpg
    • If you don't have a blender, you can use a food processor.
  4. Mix a quick Ponzu sauce. For an Asian inspired dipping sauce, put the soy sauce, bonito flakes, lemon juice, lime juice, mirin, rice vinegar, and piece of kombu into a saucepan. Turn the burner to high so the ingredients come to a boil. Turn off the burner and leave the sauce for 30 minutes. Pour the sauce through a fine mesh strainer and finish cooling the sauce before you serve it with the crab.
    Grill Crab Legs Step 9.jpg
    • Discard the kombu from the strainer.

[Edit]Smoking Crab Legs with Garlic Butter

  1. Heat the smoker to . If you're using a gas or electric smoker, turn it on and place a handful of wood chips to the smoker box in the smoker. If you're using a charcoal grill, scatter hot briquettes and wood chips along the sides of the grill. Then place a disposable aluminum pan full of water in the center.[10]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 10.jpg
    • The water will create steam as the grill heats.
  2. Arrange the crab legs in a roasting pan. Get out a disposable aluminum pan and place the thawed crab legs in it. If the crab legs are longer than the pan, use a heavy knife to cut the legs at the joints.[11]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 11.jpg
    • To thaw crab legs that are frozen, put them in the refrigerator the night before you plan to grill or put them in a bag and cover them with cold water for a few hours.
    • You can also try twisting the joints to make the legs shorter.
  3. Pour butter, lemon, seasoning, and garlic over the legs. Mix 1 cup (226 g) of melted butter, of lemon juice, (8 g) of cajun or Old Bay seasoning, and 2 cloves of minced garlic in a small bowl. Pour the mixture over the legs in the roasting pan.[12]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 12.jpg
    • Turn the legs over once so both sides are covered with the mixture.
  4. Put the crab legs in the smoker and heat them for 20 to 30 minutes. Place the pan of crab legs directly into the hot smoker. Close the smoker and leave the crab legs to heat up. Open the smoker 1 to 2 times as the crab legs smoke and baste the legs with the butter mixture.[13]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 13.jpg
    • To test the crab, remove 1 leg and crack it open. The meat should be completely hot throughout.
  5. Serve the smoked crab legs. Carefully lift the roasting pan full of crab legs out of the smoker. Let your guests help themselves to the crab legs or lift the legs out of the roasting pan and transfer them to a serving platter. Spoon the sauce into a serving bowl and set it alongside the crab legs.[14]
    Grill Crab Legs Step 14.jpg
    • Refrigerate leftover crab legs in an airtight container for up to 3 to 5 days. Keep in mind that the garlic butter flavor will intensify as the crab legs are stored.


  • If you're using live crabs, submerge them in hot water for about 1 minute to stun them. Then tear off the top shell and remove the gills, lungs, and innards. Then you can toss the crabs on the grill. Add 2 minutes to the grilling time so the crab meat cooks completely.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

[Edit]Grilled Crab Legs with Garlic Butter

  • Sealable bag
  • Gas or charcoal grill
  • Long-handled tongs
  • Serving plate

[Edit]Cocktail Dipping Sauce

  • Measuring cups and spoons
  • Bowl
  • Spoon

[Edit]Clarified Butter Garlic Sauce

  • Saucepan
  • Fine mesh strainer

[Edit]Avocado Wasabi Dipping Sauce

  • Measuring spoons
  • Blender or food processor

[Edit]Ponzu Sauce

  • Measuring cups and spoons
  • Fine mesh strainer
  • Saucepan
  • Spoon

[Edit]Smoked Crab Legs

  • Measuring cups and spoons
  • Smoker or charcoal grill
  • Long-handled tongs
  • Serving plate
  • Wood chips
  • Bowl
  • Spoon
  • Barbecue basting brush
  • Large disposable aluminum pan


source How to of the Day

How to Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On

Prevention is the best defense against a cold, but sometimes, despite your best efforts, you still get sick. That is because the cold virus can live up to 18 hours on unwashed surfaces while it looks for a host. The cold enters through your mouth, nose, or eyes and is thus commonly spread through talking, coughing, and sneezing. While you might not be able to completely cure your cold, there are some things you can do to alleviate your symptoms and speed up your recovery, including washing your hands as frequently as possible.


[Edit]Taking Immediate Action

  1. Gargle with salt water if you have a sore throat. Gargling with salt water can help reduce inflammation in your throat and flush out mucus. To gargle salt water, stir of salt into a glass of warm water and gargle some of it for 30 seconds. Then, spit it out, making an effort to swallow as little as possible.
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • Repeat this throughout the day whenever your throat is hurting.[1]
  2. Take a hot shower to help with nasal congestion. Feeling stuffy and congested can make a cold feel a lot worse. To get rid of that stuffy feeling, hop in the shower and stay in there for longer than usual so some steam has time to build up. The steam from the shower should help temporarily alleviate your congestion.
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 2 Version 2.jpg
  3. Use a saline nasal spray if you’re still feeling stuffy. Saline nasal sprays are saltwater sprays that you flush your nose with to decongest it. Use the saline nasal spray to prevent mucus from building up and clogging your nose. It will also provide an instant feeling of relief.[2]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • Keep using the nasal spray every day until you feel better.
  4. Turn on a humidifier to keep the air around you moist. Moisture in the air can help loosen the mucus in your nose and throat so you don’t feel as congested. Put a humidifier in your bedroom so the air is moist while you sleep, and keep one in other rooms you’ll be spending a lot of time in.[3]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • Be sure to change the humidifier filter frequently, as unclean filters can lead to additional breathing and lung problems. Look at your specific humidifier's instruction manual to get an idea of how often the filter should be changed.

[Edit]Helping Your Body Recover Quickly

  1. Drink 8 glasses of water every day to stay hydrated. Dehydration can make a cold even worse, so it’s important that you drink 8 glasses of water every day. Drinking more fluids will also help loosen mucus in your nose and throat so you feel less congested.[4]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • Don’t drink alcohol, coffee, or caffeinated soda or you could become more dehydrated.
  2. Eat 4-5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day to help your immune system. If you’re not getting the nutrients your body needs to be healthy, you’ll have a harder time fighting off a cold. Eating more fruits and vegetables is an easy way to get the nutrients your immune system needs to function.[5]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • Try eating a salad with a couple servings of fruit every day.
    • Some studies suggest that garlic and citrus fruits can shorten the length of a cold and make it less severe.[6]
  3. Get at least 8 hours of sleep every night. Your body is hard at work fighting off infection when you’re asleep, so it’s important that you rest as much as possible so it can fight your cold. Try to go to sleep earlier than usual and take a nap during the day if you can. The more rest you get, the better your chances will be of a speedy recovery.[7]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 7 Version 2.jpg
  4. Take off school or work if possible. Getting lots of rest and drinking plenty of fluids can be tough if you’re at school or work all day. If you’re able to, stay home so you can focus on recovering so your cold doesn't get worse.[8]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • If you decide to take the day off from work, reach out to your boss over the phone or by email as soon as possible. Let them know you're too sick to come in and apologize for the inconvenience.
    • If your boss seems hesitant about letting you take the day off, ask if you can work from home for the day instead.

[Edit]Taking Medicine and Supplements

  1. Take acetaminophen or an NSAID if you have a sore throat, headache, or fever. Acetaminophen and NSAIDs are both pain relievers that can help relieve the symptoms of your cold. Follow the dosage instructions on the packaging and don’t take more than the 24 hour dosage limit.[9]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • While acetaminophen and NSAIDs won’t stop your cold, they can make it more manageable while you focus on recovering.
    • Common NSAIDs you can take are ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen.
    • Both DayQuil and NyQuil contain acetaminophen.
  2. Try an antihistamine or decongestant to help with coughing and congestion. Over-the-counter antihistamines and decongestants can help clear up your throat and nose and alleviate your coughing. Always read the packaging for usage instructions and avoid mixing multiple medications or you could overdose.[10]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 10 Version 3.jpg
    • Never give antihistamines or decongestants to children under 5.
    • Exercise caution before taking over-the-counter cold medicine if you have high blood pressure, glaucoma, or kidney issues. Always read the labels first, and consult your doctor before starting any new medicine.
  3. Give vitamin C or echinacea supplements a try to shorten your cold. While the evidence is unclear, some studies suggest that vitamin C and echinacea can help lessen the severity of a cold. Since these supplements aren’t harmful, you may want to give them a try and see if they help stop or shorten your cold.[11]
    Stop a Cold when You Feel It Coming On Step 11 Version 3.jpg
    • Powdered vitamin C supplements like Emergen-C may also help shorten the duration of your cold.
    • Read about potential interactions and side effects as printed on the label of the supplement before you start taking it. If you have any pre-exisiting medical conditions, talk to your doctor before starting a new vitamin or herbal treatment.


  • Adults usually get a cold 2-3 times a year, while children will generally get colds 7-10 times a year.


[Edit]Quick Summary

source How to of the Day

How to Photograph Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are beautiful animals, and many amateur photographers spend weeks trying to get a good photo of one. However, the birds fly very fast and rarely stay still long enough to be photographed, making it difficult to get a good image. If you're trying to get a non-blurry, well-focused shot of a hummingbird, the first thing you need to do is to create a setting where you can successfully photograph the hummingbirds. With a few camera adjustments and setup tips, you'll be well on your way to taking a hummingbird photo that's worth framing.


[Edit]Setting up a Location

  1. Set up a hummingbird feeder near your home. Hummingbirds are drawn to the brightly-colored feeders and sweet liquid inside, so if you hang one near your home in the warm summer months, you'll soon have a handful of birds coming by to eat every day. Position the feeder in a location where you can see it easily (e.g., in front of a kitchen window) so you'll know when the birds are coming by to eat. Then, grab your camera![1]
    Photograph Hummingbirds Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • If you happen to have more than 1 feeder already in place, take 1 down. You should only have 1 feeder hanging, so that all of the birds congregate in a single location.
  2. Sit or stand near the feeder so the birds acclimate to your presence. Hummingbirds are skittish and easily frightened off by humans walking around. In order to let the birds get used to you being nearby, sit or stand between away from the feeder. Photographing hummingbirds takes patience. Plan to sit still (though not completely motionless) for at least 15–30 minutes before the birds are comfortable enough to start feeding.[2]

    Photograph Hummingbirds Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • If it's a sunny day and you don't have other plans, you could even take a lawn chair out to the hummingbird feeder! You may need to spend several hours around the feeder anyway, waiting for the birds to arrive and taking various photos before you get a great one.
  3. Remove the feeder's perches and tape shut all but 1 of the holes. Since you most likely want to photograph the hummingbirds in flight, take off the feeder's perches so the birds will have to hover while they're feeding. Then, tear off 3 or 4 strips of scotch tape and use them to cover the feeder's holes, leaving only 1 open. This will ensure that the birds all feed at the exact same location, making it easier to set up your camera to take high-quality photos.

    • With the perches removed and most of the holes blocked, you know where the bird will be and it will be much easier to position your shot.

[Edit]Positioning your Camera for Shooting

  1. Set up your tripod about away from the feeder. This is a great distance from which to shoot hummingbirds. Being a little farther than from the birds will allow you to compose the shots as you like. The distance will also let you focus on the bird without the background of the photograph overwhelming the subject.[3]

    Photograph Hummingbirds Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • If your particular setup doesn't allow you to situate the tripod this far from the feeder, don't worry. You can always zoom out more with your lens if you're closer, or crop out blank space around the bird if you're too far away.
  2. Use a telephoto lens if you're shooting from farther away. If you had to set up your tripod much farther than from the hummingbird feeder, you'll need to use a lens with a zoom capacity. Otherwise, if your tripod happens to be positioned closer to the feeder, using a regular 35 mm lens will be fine. If your camera doesn't already have a good-quality lens, you can purchase one at a photography store.[4]
    Photograph Hummingbirds Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • Telephoto lenses also have another perk: in letting you shoot from farther away, they lower the likelihood that you'll spook the birds when you start snapping pictures.
    • More experienced photographers may even choose to use a wide-angle or fisheye lens and position the tripod only about away from the birds. Since this would put you extremely close to the birds, you'd need to trigger the camera shutter remotely.
  3. Set up 3–4 flashes around the birdfeeder to light the hummingbirds. Flashes are small electric bulbs that will provide a burst of light when you click the camera's shutter button. Position your flashes so they're only away from the birdfeeder, and set them to low power. You only want each flash to be at about 1/16 of its full strength so that the flashes don't over-expose the birds' colorful bodies. Depending on the height of your birdfeeder, you may need to set up the flashes on their own small tripods. Lighting the scene with flashes will ensure that you have consistently good lighting regardless of the time of day you're shooting at.[5]

    Photograph Hummingbirds Step 6.jpg
    • In most cases, if you're shooting during the daylight hours, hummingbirds shouldn't be scared off by flashes.
    • This step is technically optional. If you prefer to work without flashes, or if you're shooting in an area with bright, indirect sunlight, you may not need a flash at all.

[Edit]Adjusting Your Camera Settings

  1. Choose an ISO around 400 or 800 to get crisp, detailed photos. If you're using a digital SLR, simply adjust the ISO setting on your camera to 400 or 800. 400 is a relatively slow film speed, so make sure you're shooting in bright sunlight or else the pictures may come out underexposed.[6]

    • If you're shooting with film, you can purchase rolls of 400 or 800 ISO film at a photography outlet store.
    • If you're shooting with a slow film speed in low-light conditions, you'll need to shoot with a flash to avoid taking dark photos.
  2. Turn on your lens's autofocus feature for quicker focus. Nearly all SLR digital and film cameras have an autofocus feature that continually focuses the lens on whatever object is in the center of the viewfinder. Hummingbirds will be flying much too fast for you to try to manually focus your lens on them, and using the autofocus will let you focus on timing and composing the shot.[7]
    Photograph Hummingbirds Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • If you're using a cheaper non-SLR camera, you can typically engage the autofocus feature by pressing the shutter button halfway down.
  3. Set your shutter speed to at least 1/800 of a second. In order to freeze the lightning-quick wings of a hummingbird mid-flap, you'll need to use a very fast shutter speed. If you use too slow of a speed, you'll notice that the birds' wings are blurry and hard to see. In some cases, to avoid blurry wings on a fast-flying hummingbird, you'll need to use a shutter speed of at least 1/2500 of a second to freeze the birds in motion.[8]

    • Depending on the aesthetic of the photo you're trying to take, you may actually want the bird's wings to look blurry. In this case, use a slightly slower shutter speed to capture the wings' motion.
    • Try a handful of different shutter speeds to see what works best. You could shoot 50 pictures at 1 shutter speed, then adjust it and shoot 50 more.
  4. Use a wide aperture around f/4 to adequately expose the photographs. Since you're using such a short shutter speed, you'll need to use a wide-open aperture setting to ensure that enough light gets into the camera. Manually set the aperture to f/1.4, f/4, or f/5 to prevent the shots from being dim and poorly lit. [9]

    • Using a fast shutter speed and a wide aperture means that you'll have a low depth of field, so the scenery behind the hummingbird will likely be out of focus.
    • On some SLC cameras, the aperture is referred to as the f-stop. These terms mean the same thing.
  5. Snap 200–300 photos to ensure that you get a good one. The majority of the shots you take will, unfortunately, not be great. The bird will be out of focus or poorly exposed, the shot will be poorly composed, or the lighting will be off. To avoid ending the photo session empty-handed, take hundreds of photos of the birds. This will dramatically improve your chances of having 1 or 2 great photos you can be proud of. If you have a digital SLR camera, you could also try engaging the function that lets you take 3-5 photos in rapid succession.[10]

    • You could also try shooting a video of a hummingbird feeding and then select the best still video frame.
    • If you're shooting with a digital camera, just make sure that you've cleared off enough memory on the device that you can fit hundreds of new photos.
    • If you're shooting with film, be prepared to burn through 6–8 rolls.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

  • Hummingbird feeder
  • Scotch tape
  • SLR camera
  • Tripod
  • 35 mm lens
  • 3–4 flashes (optional)
  • Telephoto lens (optional)
  • Flash mounts (optional)


  • Hummingbirds only live in the western hemisphere. While Central America—and especially Costa Rica—is especially rich in hummingbirds, you can spot them throughout North and South America as well.[11]
  • If you're concerned about jiggling the camera when you push down the shutter button, you could invest in a remote shutter button. These allow you to stand away from the camera and trigger the shutter remotely, without pushing on the physical button.
  • You might also try taking your tripod and camera to a nearby botanical garden and setting yourself up near a particularly bright flower display. However, since individual flowers each hold relatively little nectar, the birds won't hover in 1 place for long.

[Edit]Related wikiHows


source How to of the Day

lundi 17 février 2020

How to Do Needlepoint

Needlepoint is an enjoyable hobby that you can take anywhere and it only requires the use of a few basic types of stitches. Create designs on a painted or blank canvas, and then turn your designs into a new decorative item. You can make key chains, belts, pillows, bookmarks, stockings, belt buckles, or almost anything with your needlepoint designs.


[Edit]Setting up Your Needlepoint Materials

  1. Choose a canvas and mounting materials. Visit a craft supply store to find a canvas and a frame or stretcher bars and tacks. You can purchase a blank canvas if you plan to draw your own needlepoint design onto it, or you can buy a canvas that already has a design printed on it. Choose a frame that will be large enough to hold your canvas.[1]
    Do Needlepoint Step 1.jpeg
    • A premade needlepoint design is the best option if you are new to needlepoint.
  2. Bind the edges of your canvas with masking tape. Always wash your hands before you touch the canvas to avoid getting any dirt or grime onto it.[2] This will keep the edges from unraveling while you work. Use wide or smaller tape. Fold the tape along the edges of the canvas to cover them completely from end to end.
    Do Needlepoint Step 2.jpeg
    • You can also hem the edges of the canvas with a sewing machine to prevent them from unraveling.
  3. Mount the canvas in a frame to hold it taut while you work. Unscrew the edges of the frame and place 1 piece onto a flat surface, such as a table. Lay the canvas on the frame and tug the edges of the canvas to open it up completely. Then, place the other side of the frame over the top of the canvas and secure the pieces together to hold the canvas taut.[3]
    Do Needlepoint Step 3.jpeg
    • You can also use stretcher bars and tacks to secure your canvas.
    • Avoid working on loose canvas. This may increase your chances of distorting the fabric when you pull stitches taut.
  4. Thread a needle with an length of embroidery floss. Hold the thread in one hand and the needle in the other (eye up). Then, insert the tip of the thread into the eye of the needle and pull it through by about .[4]
    Do Needlepoint Step 4.jpeg
    • You can use any type of embroidery floss, thread, or yarn you like to do needle point. However, a multi-strand embroidery floss is recommended since you can pull it apart as needed for thinner stands.
    • If you have a hard time threading the needle, insert the tip of the thread into your mouth and wet it with your saliva. This will stiffen the thread and make it easier to push through the eye of the needle.
  5. Secure the thread to the canvas with a waste knot. Tie the knot near the end of the long piece of thread. Then, insert the needle into the canvas on the right (front) side about from where you want to begin stitching. Then, bring the needle back out through the wrong (back) side of the fabric where you want to create the first stitch.[5]
    Do Needlepoint Step 5.jpeg
    • Make sure that you attach the waste knot in the same row that you want to start stitching.
    • You will cut the waste knot after you stitch over the area around it, so don’t worry about it being visible.

[Edit]Working Basic Stitches

  1. Do a half-cross stitch for a simple stitch that covers a small area. Insert the needle through the wrong (back) side of the canvas. Choose a space at the top left of your canvas or at the top left of a block of color. Bring the needle through a space on the right (front) side of the canvas that is diagonally-adjacent to the stitch on the right side. Then, repeat the same stitch to create a stitch alongside your first stitch.[6]
    Do Needlepoint Step 6.jpeg
    • Work from left to right in a row across the canvas, and then work the stitch back along the row in the opposite direction.
    • As you sew the second row, the second diagonal stitch should go through a space that already has thread going through it. This will help to reduce the visible canvas behind the thread.
  2. Use the continental stitch to provide more coverage over an area. Insert the needle into the space where you want to begin working the continental stitch. Then, bring the needle up diagonally and down through the stitch adjacent and to the right of that stitch. Then, come up through the next space in the row beside where you started the stitch.[7]
    Do Needlepoint Step 7.jpeg
    • Continue to work across the row going from right to left. Then, work back along the next row going from left to right.
    • Make sure to insert the needle through spaces that already have 1 stitch in them on your second row.
  3. Try basketweave stitch to provide full coverage over large areas. Work this stitch diagonally starting at the top right hand corner of the area. Bring the needle down through the space that is diagonal to this space. Then, bring the needle back up through the space that is diagonally adjacent to this stitch, and repeat the stitch.[8]
    Do Needlepoint Step 8.jpeg
    • This stitch creates a pyramid like stitch design. It allows good coverage of the canvas with the least distortion and should be used in large areas.
  4. Do the brick stitch for a vertical stitch with good coverage. Insert your needle through the canvas where you want to begin the stitch. Bring the thread all the way through the canvas and pull it taut. Then, insert the needle into the second stitch up from where you brought the needle out. Bring the needle back through the canvas next to where you started the first stitch.[9]
    Do Needlepoint Step 9.jpeg
    • Use a thick thread, yarn, or multi-strand piece of embroidery floss to create the brick stitch.
    • You can also try the Bargello or long point stitch for a more advanced vertical stitch.[10]

[Edit]Completing a Project

  1. Work on the smallest or most detailed area first. Always start with the smallest, most detailed areas when you do needlework projects. This will be easier than trying to go in and stitch those areas later. Then, stitch the larger areas that surround the more detailed bits.[11]
    Do Needlepoint Step 10.jpeg
    • For example, if you have a section that is only about wide, start here rather than the section that is wide.
  2. Change the thread when you run out or need to switch colors. Insert the needle into the right side of the project. Then, push the needle through the back of the nearest 3 to 4 stitches and snip the thread near the stitches. Then, thread your needle with your next color or with the same color if you have more of this that you need to work. Create a waste knot, and keep stitching![12]
    Do Needlepoint Step 11.jpeg
  3. Block the canvas if it has become distorted. Blocking your needlepoint is a way to reshape the canvas and give it a more structured look. Remove the canvas from the frame and dampen it with water, such as by spritzing it with a spray bottle. Then, lay it on a pillow or towel with the right side facing down. Pin it down with tacks or pins at intervals all the way around. Allow the canvas to dry completely before removing it.[13]
    Do Needlepoint Step 12.jpeg
    • The canvas should take only a few hours to dry, but you may want to leave it out overnight to be sure.
  4. Sew the finished design onto an item. You can turn your finished needlework into a pillow, sweatshirt, purse, or wall decoration. Trim the canvas as needed and then use a sewing machine or needle and thread to sew the canvas onto your item.[14]
    Do Needlepoint Step 13.jpeg
    • For example, you could sew your finished needlework project onto a pillowcase, a sweatshirt, or the side of a canvas bag.


  • Your thread will probably become twisted as you stitch. Every few stitches let the needle dangle so it can unwind.


  • Always work on projects in an area with good lighting. Do not try to work with bad lighting and strain your eyes.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

  • Needlepoint canvas (size 14)
  • Tapestry needles (size 20 or 22)
  • Embroidery floss, thread, or yarn
  • Frame or stretcher bars and tacks
  • Scissors
  • Masking tape
  • Pins
  • Tote or canvas bag (optional)

[Edit]Related wikiHows


source How to of the Day

How to Make an Earbud Holder

Earbuds can easily get tangled if you leave the wires loose. If you want to keep your cords organized and easy to use, there are many diffe...